Private equity firms are an investment company that raises money from investors to buy stakes in companies and assist them grow. This is different from individual investors who invest in publicly traded firms which pay dividends but does not give them any direct control over the company’s decisions or operations. Private equity firms invest in a collection of companies, referred to as a portfolio, and typically are looking to take over management of those businesses.

They often purchase an organization that has potential for improvement, and make changes to increase efficiency, decrease costs, and expand the business. In certain instances private equity firms employ the use of debt to purchase and take over a business also known as leveraged buyout. They then sell the business at a profit, and pay management partech international data room do it yourself fees to companies in their portfolio.

This cycle of buying, selling and re-building can be a long process for smaller companies. Many are looking for alternative financing methods that let them access working capital without the burden of a PE firm’s management fees.

Private equity firms have fought against stereotypes that portray them as corporate strippers assets, highlighting their management skills and demonstrating examples of transformations that have been successful for their portfolio businesses. However, critics, such as U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren argues that private equity’s primary goal is quick profits, which damages long-term values and harms workers.